There are four Principles of Assessment – Reliability, Fairness, Flexibility and Validity. In our previous Blog we discussed the Principle of Reliability. Here we discuss Fairness. This will be followed by additional Blogs which will discuss the remaining Principles of Assessment.
Principle of Fairness
Assessment is fair when the assessment process is clearly understood by candidates and agreed by both assessors and candidates and when candidates’ needs and characteristics are addressed.
Fairness is one of the four Principles of Assessment. When writing assessment instruments to make up an assessment tool, you need to build fairness into the tool.
Understood and agreed by the candidate
The assessment tool should provide evidence that the assessment process has been explained to the candidate, that they understand and agree to the process. This instrument should be signed by the candidate at the commencement of the assessment process.
This instrument can also provide an area for the assessor to confirm that they have checked whether the candidate needs any LLN support or whether they consider an accelerated progression with only gap training is appropriate for the candidate:
Addressing candidate’s needs
You can assume that a qualified assessor is familiar with the Principles of Assessment and competent to apply them in their assessment practice. However, it is recommended to remind the assessor of how to apply this principle in relation to reasonable adjustment.
The following wording is provided as guidance for your assessor:
If the candidate has special needs which require reasonable adjustments, then you, the assessor, must ensure that you have:
- Reviewed the unit requirements and determined that adjustments will not compromise the outcome.
- Determined the adjustments to be made, in consultation with the candidate and, if necessary, a specialist.
- Clearly documented the adjustments made as part of the assessment record, in sufficient detail to enable another qualified assessor to make a judgement of competency.
- Ensured that you protect the candidate’s right to privacy and confidentiality in relation to any personal information such as medical conditions, and where personal information needs to be recorded, gained the candidate’s consent in writing.
As trainers and assessors within the Vocational Education and Training (VET) sector, it is important that we not only understand the Principles of Assessment but that we also apply the Principles of Assessment when designing and developing assessment tools and conducting assessment. TAEASS502 Design and Develop Assessment Tools is a core unit in the TAE40116 Certificate IV in Training and Assessment and TAE50116 Diploma of Vocational Education and Training.
Written by Sandy Welton
Please post your thoughts below on the Principle of Fairness.